How to Pronounce ‘ed’ at the End

ed pronunciation

We use an ‘ed’ at the end of words in English a lot. It’s worth the effort to learn how to pronounce it correctly.

We pronounce the ‘ed’ at the end of words in three different ways, depending on the sound that comes before them.

1.) If there is a T or a D before the ‘ed’, we pronounce it ‘id’:
startedstar tid (Notice how the T or D goes with the ‘id’ sound.)
plantedplan tid
needednee did
endeden did

Listen to the examples:

2.) If there is one of the following soft sounds before the ‘ed’, we pronounce it ‘t’, as in ‘tiger’.
stoppedVERB + t
walked
watched
washed
coughed
missed
pushed

Listen to the examples:

3.) All the rest of the time, the ‘ed’ is pronounced ‘d’, as in ‘dog’.
lovedVERB + d
used
played
carried
learned

Listen to the examples: