Summarizing – Read, Listen and Write

summarizing integrated listening reading writing exercises

These exercises are designed to help you integrate your reading, listening and writing skills, and to practice summarizing.

Exercise 1 – Is Facebook profiting off hate? (B2-C1)

1.) Read the first three paragraphs of Facebook’s policy.
2.) Watch the video. Identify the main idea and supporting ideas.
3.) Answer the question in a written summary – Why does Ashok Chandwaney say that Facebook isn’t living up to its responsibilities? Make sure to refer Facebook’s policy in your answer.

Exercise 2 – Is Facebook designed to be addictive? (B2-C1)

1.) Read the following except by Hilary Andersson

Social media companies are deliberately addicting users to their products for financial gain, Silicon Valley insiders have told the BBC’s Panorama programme.

“It’s as if they’re taking behavioural cocaine and just sprinkling it all over your interface and that’s the thing that keeps you like coming back and back and back”, said former Mozilla and Jawbone employee Aza Raskin.

“Behind every screen on your phone, there are generally like literally a thousand engineers that have worked on this thing to try to make it maximally addicting” he added.

In 2006 Mr Raskin, a leading technology engineer himself, designed infinite scroll, one of the features of many apps that is now seen as highly habit forming. At the time, he was working for Humanized – a computer user-interface consultancy.

Infinite scroll allows users to endlessly swipe down through content without clicking.

“If you don’t give your brain time to catch up with your impulses,” Mr Raskin said, “you just keep scrolling.”

He said the innovation kept users looking at their phones far longer than necessary.

Mr Raskin said he had not set out to addict people and now felt guilty about it.

But, he said, many designers were driven to create addictive app features by the business models of the big companies that employed them.

“In order to get the next round of funding, in order to get your stock price up, the amount of time that people spend on your app has to go up,” he said.

“So, when you put that much pressure on that one number, you’re going to start trying to invent new ways of getting people to stay hooked.” (Excerpt from Social Media Apps are ‘deliberately’ addicting users)

2.) Watch the video.
3.) Answer the questions:

A.) In the video, Mr. Graham’s mentions tobacco. What is his purpose in bringing this up?
B.) Mr. Graham asks Mark Zuckerberg if his product can be addictive. Mr. Graham is not satisfied with Zuckerberg’s response. Why not?
C.) Zuckerberg claims that he does not want his products to be addictive. What points in the BBC article counter this claim? (Use your own words.)