The Suffixes ‘ship’ and ‘hood’ have nothing to do with ‘ships’ or ‘hoods’. They are very old, and can be traced back to pronto-Germanic languages. They are added to the end of nouns to make abstract nouns. Both indicate state, status, quality, or condition.
Let’s learn some common English words that end in in ‘ship’ and ‘hood’.
1.) Used to indicate status or title:
fellowship – an association of companions, a university or church community
2.) Used to indicate belonging:
ownership = state of possession
authorship = state of being the source or creator of something
3.) Used to indicate a state:
bipartisanship = cooperation in a two party system
courtship = attempting to gain favour (especially with someone in power)
dealership = a place where deals are made (modern: a place that sells cars)
hardship = difficulty
worship = adoration
1.) Used for states in interpersonal relationships:
neighbourhood – Notice that times change, and the social context is different. Now it means an area. In early usage, it referred to being among neighbours.
2.) Used for states:
falsehood = untruth
likelihood = probability
Peace quiz and conversation questions with -ship and -hood:
1.) Click on the correct suffix in the following questions.
2.) Take turns asking each other the questions.